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Crop Rotation – Get the most from your Vegetable Plot

crop-rotation-trials-ground

Ideally crops should be rotated within a plot so that the same family group is never in the spot every year. This not only helps to keep soil nutrients at their optimum but also helps to avoid soil based pests and diseases which are often attracted to the crops within the same family group.

Firstly decide on the vegetables you enjoy, giving consideration to the amount of space available. Aim to produce vegetables all the year round without shortages or gluts. The area chosen should be divided into three equal sections.

Year 1

  • Section 1 – If you can, dig in well-rotted manure or garden compost in the autumn or early winter – it’s not essential but it will give you better crops; in the first year grow Beans, Leek, Lettuce, Onions, Peas, and Tomatoes.
  • Section 2 – A general garden fertiliser should be applied 10 to 14 days prior to planting or sowing. This area can then be used for growing Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbages, Cauliflower and Kale.
  • Section 3 – Apply general fertiliser prior to sowing and planting. The crops to be grown in this section include Beetroot, Carrots, Parsnips, Potatoes, and Swedes.

Year 2 crop rotation As above moving all crops on one section.
Year 3 crop rotation Crops and treatments are rotated once more so that all sections have grown all plants over a three year period.

Tip! – Design the perfect Vegetable by downloading the Suttons garden planner

Examples of a 3 year crop rotation plan shown in tables format.

Year 1
Manured with Dung or Compost Fertilisers and Lime* Fertilisers
Section 1 of Plot Section 2 of Plot – Brassicas Section 3 of Plot – Roots

Peas

Cabbages

Potatoes

Beans

Sprouts

Carrots

Onions

Cauliflowers

Beetroots

Leeks

Kales

Parsnips

Lettuces

Broccoli

Swedes

Tomatoes
Seed bed for Green Crops

Spinach
Spinach Beet

Celery
Succession Crops Succession Crops Succession Crops

Carrots

Onions

Spinach

Beetroots

Lettuces

Cabbages
Year 2 Crop Rotation
Fertilisers and Lime* Fertilisers Manured with Dung or Compost
Section 1 of Plot Brassicass Section 2 of Plot – Roots Section 3 of Plot

Cabbages

Potatoes

Peas

Sprouts

Carrots

Beans

Cauliflowers

Beetroots

Onions

Kales

Parsnips

Leeks

Broccoli

Swedes

Lettuces
Seed bed for Green Crops
Tomatoes

Spinach
Spinach Beet

Celery
Succession Crops Succession Crops Succession Crops

Onions

Spinach
Carrots

Lettuces

Beetroots

Cabbages

* Only lime if soil is known to be acid

Year 3 Crop Rotation
Fertilisers Manured with Dung or Compost Fertilisers and Lime*
Section 1 of Plot – Roots Section 2 of Plot Section 3 of Plot – Brassicas

Potatoes

Peas

Cabbages

Carrots

Beans

Sprouts

Beetroots

Onions

Cauliflowers

Parsnips

Leeks

Kales

Swedes

Lettuces

Broccoli

Tomatoes
Seed bed for Green Crops

Spinach
Spinach Beet

Celery
Succession Crops Succession Crops Succession Crops

Spinach

Carrots

Spinach

Lettuces

Beetroots

Cabbages

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One thought on “Crop Rotation – Get the most from your Vegetable Plot”

  1. Avatar lee warhurst says:

    hi I am new to allotment gardening been at it a year now so slowly learning .. all advise hints and tips are all very welcome . cheers keep up the good work

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