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Walnuts, Chestnut, Cobnutt, Filbert and Almond Tree Growing Guide

Almond Tree

Walnuts Growing Guide

A sheltered spot with rich moist soil is best for growing walnuts although they will thrive in most soils except heavy chalks. Incorporate plenty of well rotted manure or garden compost before planting. The tree will grow best with about 1.8m (6’) of clear stem so remove branches below this as the tree develops. Walnuts do not tolerate competition from weeds, particularly grass weeds such as couch.

A weed free space of about 1.5m (5’) square should be maintained. The tree is quite ‘hungry’ and regular dressings of garden compost or well rotted manure will greatly increase flower bud development. Little pruning is needed save the removal of crossing and damaged branches, this should be done early in the new year whilst little sap is flowing.

Eventual height and spread about 6m (20’) in 10 years. Nuts are ready from early autumn and are delicious eaten ‘green’. If you want to try your hand at pickling though they should be picked much earlier – as soon as they have gained size in mid to late June – before any woody shell has developed.

Cobnuts and Filberts Growing Guide

These are best grown as a bush tree with an open centre giving the classic wine glass shape. The young Cobnut or filbert tree is naturally somewhat smaller than other species and will need little attention after planting, although care should be taken to ensure plenty of moisture is available. Growth may be slow to start though the tree will soon grow away.

Encourage a short leg with about 12 main branches and keep ‘spur pruned’ by shortening side branches to 7.5cm (3”). The nuts will be ready to pick from early September and are delicious eaten green. Leftovers can be stored up to Christmas when they will darken and mature.

Chestnuts Grrowing Guide

These large handsome trees are very easy to look after, being happy on most soils even the poorer thin ones. The feathery flowers attract a large number of beneficial insects to the garden and a heavy crop of nuts can be relied on.

Cultivate as a free growing tree with a central leader and radiating branches. In winter all that is needed is the removal of unwanted or broken branches. Yields will be considerably increased if summer pruning is carried out with all new growth being reduced by half. Eventual height and spread about 6m (20’) by 4.5m (15’) in 10 years.

As for walnuts, chestnuts do not like weed competition particularly in their early years and an area of 1.5m square (5’) should be kept weed free around the base. There is no need to pick the nuts as they are ready when they fall from the tree and the husks split. They can then be easily picked from the ground. Kept cool and dry the nuts can be eaten through to early spring.

Almonds Growing Guides

Almonds are very closely related to peach and can be grown following the same cultural methods. Like the peach they enjoy warmth and will thrive in a sunny corner or best against a southerly facing wall. Here the stunning blossom produced in springtime will show up wonderfully!

 

 

For a full range of the nut trees and accessories available from Suttons browse here

 

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